2014 References

Akotia, C. S., Knizek, B. L., Kinyanda, E., & Hjelmeland, H. (2014). “I have sinned”: Understanding the role of religion in the experiences of suicide attempters in Ghana. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 17(5), 437-448. doi:10.1080/13674676.2013.829426

Alexander, H. (2014). Education in nonviolence: Levinas’ Talmudic readings and the study of sacred texts. Ethics and Education, 9(1), 58-68. doi:10.1080/17449642.2014.890273

Allan, A., Beesley, S. M., Attwood, B., & McKillop, D. (2014). Apology in restorative and juvenile justice. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 21(2), 176-190. doi:10.1080/13218719.2013.803274

Balkin, R., Harris, N., Freeman, S., & Huntington, S. (2014).The Forgiveness Reconciliation Inventory: An instrument to process through issues off-forgiveness and conflict. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 47(1), 3-13. doi:10.1177/0748175613497037

Basford, T. E., Offermann, L. R., & Behrend, T. S. (2014). Please accept my sincerest apologies: Examining follower reactions to leader apology. Journal of Business Ethics, 119(1), 99-117. doi:10.1007/s10551-012-1613-y

Bell, C., Woodruff, E., Davis, D. E., Van Tongeren, D. R., Hook, J. N., & Worthington Jr., E. L.(2014). Community sanctification of forgiveness. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 42(3), 243-251. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Bishop, A. J., Randall, G. K.,  & Merten, M. J. (2014). Consideration of forgiveness to enhance the health status of older male prisoners confronting spiritual, social, or emotional vulnerability. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 33(8), 998-1017. doi:10.1177/0733464812456632

Blatt, L. J., & Wertheim, E. H. (2014). Development of the Factors Related to Forgiveness Inventory (FRFI): Assessing Social-Cognitive Facilitators and Inhibitors of Interpersonal Forgiveness. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 31(2), 100-108. doi:10.1027/1015-5759/a000211

Bryan, A. O., Theriault, J. L., & Bryan, C. J. (2014). Self-forgiveness, posttraumatic stress, and suicide attempts among military personnel and veterans. Traumatology, 21(1),40. doi:10.1037/trm0000017

Bugay, A. (2014). Measuring the differences in pairs’ marital forgiveness scores: Construct validity and links with relationship satisfaction. Psychological Reports, 114(2), 479-490. doi:10.2466/21.02.PR0.114k18w5

Burnette, J. L., Davisson, E. K., Finkel, E. J., Van Tongeren, D. R., Hui, C. M., & Hoyle, R. H. (2014). Self-control and forgiveness: A meta-analytic review. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5(4), 443-450. doi:10.1177/1948550613502991

Carpenter, T. P., Carlisle, R.D., & Tsang, J. (2014). Tipping the scales: Conciliatory behavior and the morality of self-forgiveness. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9(5), 389-401. doi:10.1080/17439760.2014.910823

Cerulo, K. A., & Ruane, J. M. (2014). Apologies of the rich and famous: Cultural, cognitive, and social explanations of why we care and why we forgive. Social Psychology Quarterly, 77(2), 123-149. doi:10.1177/0190272514530412

Chang, E. C., Kahle, E. R., Yu, E. A., & Hirsch, J. K. (2014). Understanding the relationship between domestic abuse and suicide behavior in adults receiving primary care: Does forgiveness matter? Social Work, 59(4), 315-320. doi:10.1093/sw/swu028

Chiles, B. W., & Roloff, M. E. (2014). Apologies, expectations, and violations: An analysis of confirmed and disconfirmed expectations for responses to apologies. Communication Reports, 27(2), 65-77. doi:10.1080/08934215.2014.890735

Chung, M. S. (2014). Pathways between attachment and marital satisfaction: The mediating roles of rumination, empathy, and forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 70, 246-251. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.06.032

Cleary, M., Horsfall, J. (2014). Forgiving, but not necessarily forgetting. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 35(7), 562-564. doi:10.3109/01612840.2014.918473

Conejero, S., Etxebarria, I., & Montero, I. (2014). Gender differences in emotions, forgiveness and tolerance in relation to political violence. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 17, Article E9. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Coricelli, G., Rusconi, E., & Villeval, M. C. (2014). Tax evasion and emotions: An empirical test of re-integrative shaming theory. Journal of Economic Psychology, 40, 49-61. doi:10.1016/j.joep.2012.12.002

Crowley, J. P. (2014). Expressive writing to cope with hate speech: Assessing psychobiological stress recovery and forgiveness promotion for lesbian, gay, bisexual, or queer victims of hate speech. Human Communication Research, 40(2), 238-261. doi:10.1111/hcre.12020

Datu, J. A. D. (2014). Forgiveness, gratitude and subjective well-being among Filipino adolescents. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 36(3), 262-273. doi:10.1007/s10447-013-9205-9

Davis, D. E., Van Tongeren, D. R., Hook, J. N., Davis, E. B., Worthington Jr., E. L., & Foxman, S. (2014). Relational spirituality and forgiveness: Appraisals that may hinder forgiveness. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 6(2), 102-112. doi:10.1037/a0033638

Dixon, L. J., Earl, K. A., Lutz-Zois, C. J, Goodnight, J. A., & Peatee, J. J. (2014). Explaining the link between perfectionism and self-forgiveness: The mediating roles of unconditional self-acceptance and rumination. Individual Differences Research, 12(3), 101-111. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Dorn, K., Hook, J., Davis, D., Van Tongeren, D., & Worthington Jr., E. L. (2014). Behavioral methods of assessing forgiveness. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9(1), 75-80. doi:10.1080/17439760.2013.844267

Dulay, M. (2014). A treatment manual for working with Catholic couples on forgiveness. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 74 (8-B(E)). Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Dwiwardani, C., Hill, P. C., Bollinger, R. A., Marks, L. E., Steele, J. R., Doolin, H. N., Wood, S. L., Hook, J. N., & Davis, D. E. (2014). Virtues develop from a secure base: Attachment and resilience as predictors of humility, gratitude, and forgiveness. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 42(1), 83-90. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Eaton, R. J., Bradley, G., & Morrissey, S. (2014). Positive predispositions, quality of life and chronic illness. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 19(4), 473-489. doi:10.1080/13548506.2013.824593

Enright, R. D., Rhody, M., Litts, B., & Klatt, J. S. (2014). Piloting forgiveness education in a divided community: Comparing electronic pen-pal and journaling activities across two groups of youth. Journal of Moral Education, 43(1), 1-17. doi:10.1080/03057240.2014.888516

Fatfouta, R., Schröder-Abé, M., & Merkl, A. (2014). Forgiving, fast and slow: Validity of the implicit association test for predicting differential response latencies in a transgression-recall paradigm. Frontiers in Psychology, (5) Article ID 728. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Feibelman, J. L.,  & Turner, L. A. (2014). Relationships between eating disorder symptomology and forgiveness among college students. Current Psychology: A Journal for Diverse Perspectives on Diverse Psychological Issues34(1), 121-129. doi:10.1007/s12144-014-9245-2

Ferrell, B., Otis-Green, S., Baird, Reverend P., & Garcia, A. (2014). Nurses’ responses to requests for forgiveness at the end of life. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 47(3), 631-641. doi:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2013.05.009

Gassin, E. A., & Lengel, G. J. (2014). Let me hear of your mercy in the mourning: Forgiveness, grief, and continuing bonds. Death Studies, 38(7), 465-475. doi:10.1080/07481187.2013.792661

Giammarco, E. A., & Vernon, P. A. (2014). Vengeance and the Dark Triad: The role of empathy and perspective taking in trait forgivingness. Personality and Individual Differences, 67, 23-29. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.02.010

Grano, D. A. (2014). Michael Vick’s “genuine remorse” and problems of public forgiveness. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 100(1), 81-104. doi:10.1080/00335630.2014.888460

Greer, C. L., Worthington Jr., E. L., Lin, Y., Lavelock, C. R., & Griffin, B. J. (2014). Efficacy of a self-directed forgiveness workbook for Christian victims of within-congregation offenders. Spirituality in Clinical Practice, 1(3) 218-230. doi:10.1037/scp0000012

Greer, C. L., Worthington Jr., E. L., Van Tongeren, D. R., Gartner, A. L., Jennings II, D. J., Lin, Y., Lavelock, C., Greer, T. W., & Ho, M. Y. (2014). Forgiveness of in-group offenders in Christian congregations. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 6(2), 150-161. doi:10.1037/a0035186

Griffin, B. J., Lavelock, C. R., & Worthington Jr., E. L. (2014). On Earth as it is in Heaven: Healing through forgiveness. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 2(3), 252-259. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Guédez, A. G., & Mullet, E. (2014). Mapping self-forgiveness attitudes among adults living in Ibero-American countries. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 3(2), 123-137. doi:10.1037/ipp0000013

Hardy, S. A., Zhang, Z., Skalski, J. E., Melling, B. S., & Brinton, C. T. (2014). Daily religious involvement, spirituality, and moral emotions. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 6(4), 338-348. doi:10.1037/a0037293

Harper, Q., Worthington Jr., E. L., Griffin, B. J., Lavelock, C. R., Hook, J. N., Vrana, S. R., & Greer, C. L. (2014). Efficacy of a workbook to promote forgiveness: A randomized controlled trial with university students. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 70(12), 1158-1169. doi:10.1002/jclp.22079

Heintzelman, A., Murdock, N. L., Krycak, R. C., & Seay, L. (2014). Recovery from infidelity: Differentiation of self, trauma, forgiveness, and posttraumatic growth among couples in continuing relationships. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 3(1), 13-29. doi:10.1037/cfp0000016

Hewstone, M., Lolliot, S., Swart, H., Myers, E., Voci, A., Al Ramiah, A., & Cairns, E. (2014). Intergroup contact and intergroup conflict. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 20(1), 39-53. doi:10.1037/a0035582

Hill, K. M., & Boyd, D. P. (17 May 2014). Who should apologize when an employee transgresses? Source effects on apology effectiveness. Journal of Business Ethics, No Pagination Specified.  doi:10.1007/s10551-014-2205-9

Irwin, K., Tsang, J., Carlisle, R., & Shen, M. J. (2014). Group‐level effects of forgiveness: Group cohesiveness and collective action in social dilemmas. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44(4), 280-286. doi:10.1002/ejsp.2022

Jambon, M., Smetana, J. (2014) Moral complexity in middle childhood: Children’s evaluations of necessary harm. Developmental Psychology, 50(1), 22-33. doi:10.1037/a0032992

Karaırmak, Ö., & Güloğlu, B. (2014). Forgiveness and PTSD among veterans: The mediating role of anger and negative affect. Psychiatry Research, 219(3), 536-542. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2014.05.024

Kim, J. J., & Enright, R. D. (2014). A theological and psychological defense of self-forgiveness: Implications for counseling. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 42(3), 260-268. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Kim, J. J., & Enright, R. D. (2014). Differing views on forgiveness within Christianity: Do graduate-level theology students perceive divine and human forgiveness differently? Spirituality in Clinical Practice, 1(3), 191-202. doi:10.1037/scp0000027

Kirchhoff, J., & Čehajić-Clancy, S. (2014). Intergroup apologies: Does it matter what they say? Experimental analyses. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 20(4), 430-451. doi:10.1037/pac0000064

Kovácsová, N., Rošková, E., & Lajunen, T. (2014).Forgiveness, anger, and hostility in aggressive driving. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 62(303-308). doi:10.1016/j.aap.2013.10.017

Lander, I. (2014). Expanding the horizons of forgiveness therapy: A cross-cultural application with a Bedouin-Arab woman. Clinical Social Work Journal, 42(4), 395-407. doi:10.1007/s10615-014-0480-7

Lander, I. (2014). Utilizing forgiveness therapy to heal the negative sequelae of polygamous family structure among Bedouin-Arabs: A case study of treatment when the injuring party is absent. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 25(3), 246-264. doi:10.1080/08975353.2014.940784

Lavelock, C. R., Worthington Jr., E. L., Davis, D. E., Griffin, B. J., Reid, C, A., Hook, J. N., & Van Tongeren, D. R. (2014). The quiet virtue speaks: An intervention to promote humility. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 42(1), 99-110. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Lee, Y., Enright, R. D. (2014). A forgiveness intervention for women with fibromyalgia who were abused in childhood: A pilot study. Spirituality in Clinical Practice, 1(3), 203-217. doi:10.1037/scp0000025

Leonard, M. A., Yung, S. M., & Cairns, E. (2014). Predicting intergroup forgiveness from in-group identification and collective guilt in adolescent and adult affiliates of a northern Irish cross-community organization. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 21(2), 155-167.  doi:10.1037/pac0000055

Lin, Y., Worthington Jr., E. L., Griffin, B. J., Greer, C. L., Opare‐Henaku, A., Lavelock, C. R., Hook, J. N., Ho, M. Y., & Muller, H. (2014). Efficacy of REACH forgiveness across cultures. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 70(9), 781-793. doi:10.1002/jclp.22073

Lowenstein, E. (2014). I’ll pick forgiving. Health Communication, 29(5), 527-530. doi:10.1080/10410236.2013.786014

Marshall, J. (2014). The politics of apology and forgiveness. Pastoral Psychology, 63(4), 489-501. doi:10.1007/s11089-013-0578-9

McCullough, M. E., Pedersen, E. J., Tabak, B. A., & Carter, E. C. (2014). Conciliatory gestures promote forgiveness and reduce anger in humans. PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(30),11211-11216. doi:10.1073/pnas.1405072111

McLernon, F., Stringer, M., & Wilson, R. (2014). Ed Cairns’ contributions and influence in the academy, scholarship, and peacemaking of Northern Ireland. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 20(1), 13-25. doi:10.1037/a0035650

Michaelson, V., Pickett, W., Robinson, P., & Cameron, L. (2014). Participation in church or religious groups and its association with health. Part 2: A qualitative, Canadian study. Journal of Religion and Health, 54(3), 1118-1133. doi:10.1007/s10943-014-9961-9

Miller, L., Jordan, A. (2014). Spirituality in relationships: Loss and rupture. Spirituality in Clinical Practice, 1(3), 165-166. doi.10.1037/scp0000033

Mrad, S. B., Mangleburg, T. F., & Mullen, M. R. (2014). Do consumers forgive? A study of animosity in the MENA region. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 26(2), 153-166. doi:10.1080/08961530.2014.878206

Navidian, A., & Bahari, F. (2014). The impact of mixed, hope and forgiveness‐focused marital counselling on interpersonal cognitive distortions of couples filing for divorce. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 21(7), 658-666. doi:10.1111/jpm.12058

Nguyen, C. M., Liu, W. M., Phan, T. T., Pittsinger, R., Casper, D., & Alt, M. (2014). Vietnamese military men’s perceptions of the long-term psychological effects of reeducation camps. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 15(4), 407-418. doi:10.1037/a0034731

Noreen, S., Bierman, R. N., & MacLeod, M. D. (2014). Forgiving you is hard, but forgetting seems easy: Can forgiveness facilitate forgetting? Psychological Science, 25(7), 1295-1302. doi:10.1177/0956797614531602

Park, C. L., Lim, H., Newlon, M., Suresh, D. P., & Bliss, D. E. (2014). Dimensions of religiousness and spirituality as predictors of well-being in advanced chronic heart failure patients. Journal of Religion and Health, 53(2), 579-590.           doi:10.1007/s10943-013-9714-1

Prešinská, I. (2014). Vyznam modelu procesu odpustenia ako intervenčnej techniky v poradenstve a psychoterapii. / The importance of forgiveness intervention technique in counselling and psychotherapy. Československá Psychologie, 58(2), 2014, 179-192. Retrieved from: http://web.b.ebscohost.com.proxy.library.vcu.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=2&sid=acc2483d-aa01-459e-a937-872a66ed32fc%40sessionmgr113&hid=107

Puchalski, C. M., Vitillo, R., Hull, S. K., & Reller, N. (2014). Improving the spiritual dimension of whole person care: Reaching national and international consensus. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 17(6), 642-656. doi:10.1089/jpm.2014.9427

Quenstedt-Moe, G., & Popkess, S. (2014). Forgiveness and health in Christian women. Journal of Religion and Health, 53(1), 204-216. doi:10.1007/s10943-012-9603-z

Ramírez, E., Ortega, A. R., Chamorro, A., & Colmenero, J. M. (2014). A program of positive intervention in the elderly: Memories, gratitude and forgiveness. Aging & Mental Health, 18(4), 463-470. doi:10.1080/13607863.2013.856858

Rankin, E. D. (2014). The dynamic interplay of mourning and forgiveness in the early development of the self and psychic structure. Psychoanalytic Review, 101(2), 219-248. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Rey, L., & Extremera, N. (2014). Positive psychological characteristics and interpersonal forgiveness: Identifying the unique contribution of emotional intelligence abilities, Big Five traits, gratitude and optimism. Personality and Individual Differences, 68, 199-204. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.04.030

Riek, B., M., Luna, L. M. Root., & Schnabelrauch, C. A. (2014). Transgressors’ guilt and shame: A longitudinal examination of forgiveness seeking. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 31(6), 751-772. doi:10.1177/0265407513503595

Ripley, J. S., Leon, C., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Berry, J. W., Davis, E. B., Smith, A., . . . Sierra, T. (2014). Efficacy of religion-accommodative strategic hope-focused theory applied to couples therapy. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 3(2), 83-98. doi:10.1037/cfp0000019

Rozin, P., Cherfas, L., Radil, T., Radil, J., McCauley, C. R., & Cohen, A. B. (2014). Which Jews dislike contemporary Germans: Range and determinants of German aversion in Czech and U.S. Holocaust survivors and young American Jews. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 20(4), 412-429. doi:10.1037/pac0000056

Sanchez‐Gonzalez, M. A., May, R. W., Koutnik, A. P., & Fincham, F. D. (2014). Impact of negative affectivity and trait forgiveness on aortic blood pressure and coronary circulation. Psychophysiology, 52(2), 296-303  doi:10.1111/psyp.12325

Sandilya, G., & Shahnawaz, G. (2014). Willingness to forgive the spouse: A qualitative study. Psychological Studies, 59(4), 413-418. doi:10.1007/s12646-014-0277-3

Sansone, R. A., Kelley, A. R., & Forbis, J. S. (2014). The status of forgiveness among those bullied in childhood. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 17(4), 339-344. doi:10.1080/13674676.2013.804498

Satici, S. A., Uysal, R., & Akin, A. (2014). Forgiveness and vengeance: The mediating role of gratitude. Psychological Reports, 114(1), 157-168. doi:10.2466/07.09.PR0.114k11w9

Schultz, J. M., Altmaier, E., Ali, S., & Tallman, B. (2014). A study of posttraumatic spiritual transformation and forgiveness among victims of significant interpersonal offences. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 17(2), 122-135. doi:10.1080/13674676.2012.755616

Seaton, C. L., & Beaumont, S. L. (2014). Exploring the links between identity styles and forgiveness in university students. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, 46(3), 366-374. doi:10.1037/a0032009

Seawell, A. H., Toussaint, L. L., & Cheadle, A. C. D. (2014). Prospective associations between unforgiveness and physical health and positive mediating mechanisms in a nationally representative sample of older adults. Psychology & Health, 29(4), 375-389. doi:10.1080/08870446.2013.856434

Seedall, R. B., Butler, M. H., & Elledge, J. Z. (2014). Does religious motivation influence the conceptualization and acceptability of forgiveness as a therapeutic intervention? American Journal of Family Therapy, 42(2), 127-140. doi:10.1080/01926187.2013.772868

Sheldon, P., Gilchrist-Petty, E., Lessley, & James, A. (2014). You did what? The relationship between forgiveness tendency, communication of forgiveness, and relationship satisfaction in married and dating couples. Communication Reports, 27(2), 78-90. doi:10.1080/08934215.2014.902486

Smith, H. J., Goode, C., Balzarini, R., Ryan, D., & Georges, M. (2014). The cost of forgiveness: Observers prefer victims who leave unfaithful romantic partners. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44(7), 758-773. doi:10.1002/ejsp.2054

Stafford, L., David, P., & McPherson, S. (2014). Sanctity of marriage and marital quality. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 31(1), 54-70. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Strelan, P., & McKee, I. (2014). Inclusive justice beliefs and forgiveness: Commonality through self-transcending values. Personality and Individual Differences, 68, 87-92. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.04.001

Sutton, G. W., Jordan, K., & Worthington Jr., E. L. (2014). Spirituality, hope, compassion, and forgiveness: Contributions of Pentecostal spirituality to godly love. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 33(3), 212-226.

Tuck, I., & Anderson, L. (2014). Forgiveness, flourishing, and resilience: The influences of expressions of spirituality on mental health recovery. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 35(4), 277-282. doi:10.3109/01612840.2014.885623

Urlić, [Berger]., Urlic, [Berman]., & Urlić, I. (2014). On the culture of forgiveness: On ‘victimhood, vengefulness, and the culture of forgiveness’. Group Analysis, 47(3), 257-2.67. doi:10.1177/0533316414545707

van der Wal, R. C., Karremans, J. C.,& Cillessen, A. H. N. (2014). It takes two to forgive: The interactive role of relationship value and executive control. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40(6), 803-815. doi:10.1177/0146167214525807

Van Tongeren, D. R., Burnette, J. L., O’Boyle, E., & Worthington Jr., E. L., Forsyth, D. R. (2014). A meta-analysis of intergroup forgiveness. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9(1), 81-95. doi:10.1080/17439760.2013.844268

Van Tongeren, D. R., Davis, D. E., & Hook, J. N. (2014). Social benefits of humility: Initiating and maintaining romantic relationships. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9(4), 313-321. doi:10.1080/17439760.2014.898317

Wade, N., Hoyt, W. T., Kidwell, J. E., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2014). Efficacy of psychotherapeutic interventions to promote forgiveness: A meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82(1), 154-170. doi:10.1037/a0035268

Weinberg, M., Gil, S., & Gilbar, O. (2014). Forgiveness, coping, and terrorism: Do tendency to forgive and coping strategies associate with the level of posttraumatic symptoms of injured victims of terror attacks? Journal of Clinical Psychology, 70(7), 693-703. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Weng, J., Zhang, T., & Fu, H. (2014). The effect of forgiveness intervention on the treatment of physiology disease. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 22(3), 564-567. Retrieved from: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search.display&includeHis

Wenzel, M., & Okimoto, T. G. (2014). On the relationship between justice and forgiveness: Are all forms of justice made equal? British Journal of Social Psychology, 53(3), 463-483. doi:10.1111/bjso.12040

Williamson, I., Gonzales, M. H., Fernandez, S., & Williams, A. (2014). Forgiveness aversion: Developing a motivational state measure of perceived forgiveness risks. Motivation and Emotion, 38(3), 378-400. doi:10.1007/s11031-013-9382-1

Wohl, M. J. A., & McLaughlin, K. J. (2014). Self‐forgiveness: The good, the bad, and the ugly. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 8(8), 422-435. doi:10.1111/spc3.12119

Wong, L. C., Chu, A. M. Y., & Chan, C. L. W. (2014). Measuring the transgression-related interpersonal motivations inventory in marital relationships: Forgiveness in the Chinese context (C-TRIM). Research on Social Work Practice, 24(3), 356-363. doi:10.1177/1049731513498622

Woodyatt, L., & Wenzel, M. (2014). A needs-based perspective on self-forgiveness: Addressing threat to moral identity as a means of encouraging interpersonal and intrapersonal restoration. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 50, 125-135. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2013.09.012

Worthington Jr., E. L., Berry, J. W., Hook, J. N., Davis, D. E., Scherer, M., Griffin, B. J., Wade, N. G., Yarhouse, M., Ripley, J. S., Miller, A. J., Sharp, C. B., Canter, D. E., & Campana, K. L. (2014). Forgiveness-reconciliation and communication-conflict-resolution interventions versus retested controls in early married couples. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 62(1) 14-27. doi:10.1037/cou0000045

Yalçın, İ., & Malkoç, A. (2014). The relationship between meaning in life and subjective well-being: Forgiveness and hope as mediators. Journal of Happiness Studies,16(4), 915-929. doi:10.1007/s10902-014-9540-5

Zhang, T., Fu, H., & Wan, Y. (2014). The application of group forgiveness intervention for courtship-hurt college students: A Chinese perspective. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 64(3), 299-320. doi:10.1521/ijgp.2014.64.3.298

Zhu, H. (21 Oct 2014). Social support and affect balance mediate the association between forgiveness and life satisfaction. Social Indicators Research, No Pagination Specified. doi:10.1007/s11205-014-0790-8

2013 References

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Williamson, I., Gonzales, M., Fernandez, S., Williams, A. (2013). Forgiveness aversion: Developing a motivational state measure of perceived forgiveness risks. Motivation and Emotion, 38(3), 378-400. doi: 10.1007/s11031-013-9382-1

Wohl, M. J. A., Matheson, K., Branscombe, N. R. and Anisman, H. (2013). Victim and perpetrator groups’ responses to the canadian government’s apology for the head tax on Chinese immigrants and the moderating influence of collective guilt. Political Psychology. Advance online publication. Political Psychology, 34(5), 713-729

Woodyatt, L., & Wenzel, M. (2013). Self-forgiveness and restoration of an offender following an interpersonal transgression. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 32(2), 225-259. doi: 10.1521/jscp.2013.32.2.225

Woodyatt, L., Wenzel, M. (2013). The psychological immune response in the face of transgressions: Pseudo self-forgiveness and threat to belonging. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49(6), 951-958. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2013.05.016

Young, R., Struthers, C., Khoury, C., Muscat, S., Phills, C., Mongrain, M. (2013). Forgiveness and revenge: The conflicting needs of dependents and self-critics in relationships. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 32(10), 1095-1115.

Yu, R. (2013). Revenge, even though it is not your fault. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36(1), 40-41. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X12000623

Zembylas, M., & Michaelidou, A. (2013). Exploring children’s perceptions of forgiveness at the interpersonal and political levels: Emerging evidence in Cyprus. Education 3-13, 41(3), 265-281. doi: 10.1080/03004279.2011.574641

Zhang, T., Fu, H. (2013). Affect of agreeableness on college students’ amative forgiveness: Mediated moderation. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 21(3), 508-511.

Zuccarini, D., Johnson, S. M., Dalgleish, T. L., & Makinen, J. A. (2013). Forgiveness and reconciliation in emotionally focused therapy for couples: The client change process and therapist interventions. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 39(2), 148-162. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.2012.00287.x

2012 References

Abrahamson, I., Hussain, R., Khan, A., & Schofield, M. J. (2012). What helps couples rebuild their relationship after infidelity? Journal of Family Issues, 33(11), 1494-1519. doi:10.1177/0192513X11424257

Allemand, M., Hill, P. L., Ghaemmaghami, P., & Martin, M. (2012). Forgivingness and subjective well-being in adulthood: The moderating role of future time perspective. Journal of Research in Personality, 46(1), 32-39. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2011.11.004

Basford, T. E., Offermann, L. R., & Behrend, T. S. (2013). Please accept my sincerest apologies: Examining follower reactions to leader apology. Journal of Business Ethics. Advance online publication. doi:10.1007/s10551-012-1613-y

Benn, R., Akiva, T., Arel, S., & Roeser, R. W. (2012). Mindfulness Training Effects for Parents and Educators of Children With Special Needs. Developmental Psychology. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/a0027537

Bugay, A., Demir, A., & Delevi, R. (2012). Assessment of reliability and validity of the Turkish version of Heartland Forgiveness Scale. Psychological Reports, 111(2), 575-584. doi:10.2466/08.21.PR0.111.5.575-584

Burrow, A.L., & Hill, P.L. (2012). Flying the unfriendly skies?: The role of forgiveness and race in the experience of racial microaggressions. Journal of Social Psychology,152(5),639-53.

Burnette, J. L., McCullough, M. E., Van Tongeren, D. R., & Davis, D. E. (2012). Forgiveness results from integrating information about relationship value and exploitation risk. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38(3), 345-356. doi:10.1177/0146167211424582

Callaby, P., Coleman, P. G., & Mills, M. A. (2012). Caregiving in dementia: From resentment to forgiveness. Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging, 24(1-2), 93-104. doi:10.1080/15528030.2012.633053

Carlisle, R. D., Tsang, J.-A., Ahmad, N. Y., Worthington, E. L., Jr., vanOyen Witvliet, C., & Wade, N. (2012). Do actions speak louder than words? Differential effects of apology and restitution on behavioral and self-report measures of forgiveness. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 7(4), 294-305. doi:10.1080/17439760.2012.690444

Carr, K., & Wang, T. R. (2012). “Forgiveness isn’t a simple process: It’s a vast undertaking”: Negotiating and communicating forgiveness in nonvoluntary family relationships. Journal of Family Communication, 12(1), 40-56. doi:10.1080/15267431.2011.629970

Cox, S. S., Bennett, R. J., Tripp, T. M.,& Aquino, K. (2012). An empirical test of forgiveness motives’ effects on employees’ health and well-being. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 17, 330-340. doi:10.1037/a0028314

Currier, J. M., Mallot, J., Martinez, T. E., Sandy, C., & Neimeyer, R. A. (2012). Bereavement, Religion, and Posttraumatic Growth: A Matched Control Group Investigation. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/a0027708

Davis, D. E., Hook, J. N., Van Tongeren, D. R., Gartner, A. L., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2012). Can religion promote virtue? A more stringent test of the model of relational spirituality and forgiveness. The International Journal of the Psychology of Religion, 22, 252-266..

Davis, D. E., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Hook, J. N., & Hill, P. C. (in press). Research on religion/spirituality: A meta-analytic review. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, in press.

Doran, J. M., Kalayjian, A., Toussaint, L., & DeMucci, J. (2012). The relationship between trauma and forgiveness in post-conflict Sierra Leone. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 4(6), 614-623. doi:10.1037/a0025470

Exline, J. J., Kaplan, K. J., & Grubbs, J. B. (2012). Anger, exit, and assertion: Do people see protest toward God as morally acceptable? Psychology of Religion & Spirituality, 4, 264-277.

Exline, J. J., Prince-Paul, M., Root, B. L., Peereboom, K. S., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2012). Forgiveness, depressive symptoms, and communication at the end of life: A study with family members of hospice patients. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 15, 1113-1119.

Fehr, R., & Gelfand, M. J. (2012). The forgiving organization: A multilevel model of forgiveness at work. Academy of Management Review, 37, 664-688.

Flanagan, K.S., Vanden Hoek, K.K., Ranter, J.M., & Reich, H.A. (2012). The potential of forgiveness as a response for coping with negative peer experiences. Journal of Adolescence, 35, 1215-1223.

Fonseca, A. C. M., Neto, F., & Mullet, E. (2012). Dispositional forgiveness among homicide offenders. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 23(3), 410-416. doi:10.1080/14789949.2012.668213

Gerlach, T. M., Allemand, M., Agroskin, D., & Denissen, J. J. (2012). Justice sensitivity and forgiveness in close interpersonal relationships: the mediating role of mistrustful, legitimizing, and pro-relationship cognitions. Journal of Personality, 80, 1373-1413. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2012.00762.x 

Green, M., DeCourville, N., & Sadava. S. (2012) Positive affect, negative affect, stress, and social support as mediators of the forgiveness-health relationship. The Journal of Social Psychology, 152, 288-307. doi:10.1080/00224545.2011.603767

Greenaway, K. Louis, W., & Wohl, M. J. A. (2012). Awareness of common humanity reduces empathy and heightens expectations of forgiveness for temporally distant wrongdoing. Social Psychology and Personality Science, 3, 446-454.       doi:10.1177/1948550611425861

Hamman, J. J. (2012). Revisiting forgiveness as a pastoral theological “problem”. Pastoral Psychology, 61(4), 435-450. doi:10.1007/s11089-012-0435-2

Hanke, K., et al., (2012). When the past haunts the present: Intergroup forgiveness and historical closure in post-World War II societies in Asia and in Europe. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. Advance online publication. doi:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2012.05.003

Hannon, P. A., Finkel, E. J., Kumashiro, M., & Rusbult, C. E. (2012). The soothing effects of forgiveness on victims’ and perpetrators’ blood pressure. Personal Relationships, 19(2), 279-289. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6811.2011.01356.x

Hill, P. L., & Allemand, M. (2012). Explaining the link between conscientiousness and forgivingness. Journal of Research in Personality. Advance online publication. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2012.05.007

Hirsch, J. K., Webb, J. R., & Jeglic, E. L. (2012). Forgiveness as a moderator of the association between anger expression and suicidal behaviour. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 15(3), 279-300. doi:10.1080/13674676.2011.571666

Ho, M. Y., Chen, X., Cheung, F. M., Liu, H., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2012). A dyadic model of the work-family interface: A study of dual-earner couples in China. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, in press.

Hong, Y. J., & Jacinto, G. A. (2012). Six step therapeutic process to facilitate forgiveness of self and others. Clinical Social Work Journal, 40(3), 366-375. doi:10.1007/s10615-011-0377-7

Hook, J. N., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Utsey, S. O., Davis, D. E., & Burnette, J. L. (2012). Collectivistic self‐construal and forgiveness. Counseling and Values, 57(1), 109-124. doi:10.1002/j.2161-007X.2012.00012.x

Hook, J. N., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Utsey, S. O., Davis, D. E., Gartner, A. L., Jennings, D. J. II., Van Tongeren, D. R., & Dueck, A. (in press). Does forgiveness require interpersonal interactions? Individual differences in conceptualizations of forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, in press.

Johnson, K. A., Li, Y. J., Cohen, A. B., & Okun, M. A. (2012). Friends in High Places: The Influence of Authoritarian and Benevolent God-Concepts on Social Attitudes and Behaviors. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/a0030138

Khoury, C., Struthers, C.W., Santelli, A. G., Marjanovic, Z. (2012). The role of right wing authoritarianism on the repentance-forgiveness process. Social Influence, 7(4), 304-326. doi:10.1080/15534510.2012.674745

Kidwell, J. E., Wade, N., & Blaedel, E. (2012). Understanding forgiveness in the lives of religious people: The role of sacred and secular elements. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 15(2), 121-140. doi:10.1080/13674676.2011.560598

Kim, S., Miles-Mason, E., Kim, C. Y., & Esquivel, G. B. (2012). Religiosity/Spirituality and Life Satisfaction in Korean American Adolescents. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/a0030628

Kirchhoff, J., Wagner, U., & Strack, M. (2012). Apologies: Words of magic? The role of verbal components, anger reduction, and offence severity. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 18(2), 109-130. doi:10.1037/a0028092

Lander, I. (2012). Towards the incorporation of forgiveness therapy in healing the complex trauma of parental incarceration. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 29(1), 1-19. doi:10.1007/s10560-011-0248-7

Lee, K., & Ashton, M. C. (2012). Getting mad and getting even: Agreeableness and Honesty-Humility as predictors of revenge intentions. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(5), 596-600. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2011.12.004

Leunissen, J. M., De Cremer, D., & Folmer, C. P. R. (2012). An instrumental perspective on apologizing in bargaining: The importance of forgiveness to apologize. Journal of Economic Psychology, 33(1), 215-222. doi:10.1016/j.joep.2011.10.004

Luchies, L. B., Wieselquist, J., Rusbult, C. E., Kumashiro, M., Eastwick, P. W., Coolsen, M. K., & Finkel, J. E. (in press).  Trust and biased memory of transgressions in romantic relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(4), 673-694.  doi:10.1037/a0031054

Lutjen, L. J., Silton, N. R., & Flannelly, K. J. (2012). Religion, forgiveness, hostility and health: A structural equation analysis. Journal of Religion and Health, 51(2), 468-478. doi:10.1007/s10943-011-9511-7

Macaskill, A. ( 2012). Differentiating dispositional self-forgiveness from other-forgiveness: Associations with mental health and life satisfaction. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 31,(1) 28-50.

Marschall, J. C., Toussaint, L., Stuart, K. L., & Gates, L. M. (2012). Say Your Prayers, but Make ‘em Quick: Replicating the Effects of Three Minutes of Prayer on Forgiveness. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, 8(4) 249-51. doi:10.1016/j.explore.2012.04.001  

Martin, L.A., Vosvick, M., & Riggs, S.A. (2012). Attachment, forgiveness, and physical health quality of life in HIV + adults. AIDS Care, 24, 1333-1340. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2011.648598

McNulty, J. K., & Fincham, F. D. (2012). Beyond positive psychology? Toward a contextual view of psychological processes and well-being. American Psychologist, 67(2), 101-110. doi:10.1037/a0024572

McFarland, M. J., Smith, C. A., Toussaint, L., & Thomas, P. A. (2012). Forgiveness of others and health: Do race and neighborhood matter? The Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67B(1), 66-75. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbr121

Mellor, D., Fung, S. W. T., & binti Mamat @ Muhammad, N. H. (2012). Forgiveness, empathy and gender—A Malaysian perspective. Sex Roles, 67(1-2), 98-107. doi:10.1007/s11199-012-0144-4

Messay, B., Dixon, L. J., & Rye, M. S. (2012). The relationship between Quest religious orientation, forgiveness, and mental health. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 15(3), 315-333. doi:10.1080/13674676.2011.574271

Miller, A. J., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Hook, J. N., Davis, D. E., Gartner, A. L., & Frohne, N. A. (2013). Managing hurt and disappointment: A brief intervention of reproach and apology after transgression. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 35(2), 108-123.

Moorhead, H. J. H., Gill, C., Minton, C. A. B., & Myers, J. E. (2012). Forgive and forget? Forgiveness, personality, and wellness among counselors‐in‐training. Counseling and Values, 57(1), 81-95. doi:10.1002/j.2161-007X.2012.00010.x

Näher, A.-F., & Krumpal, I. (2012). Asking sensitive questions: The impact of forgiving wording and question context on social desirability bias. Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, 46(5), 1601-1616. doi:10.1007/s11135-011-9469-2

Noor, M., Shnabel, N., Halabi, S., & Nadler, A. (2012). When suffering begets suffering: The psychology of competitive victimhood between adversarial groups in violent conflicts. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 16(4), 351-374. doi:10.1177/1088868312440048

Pansera, C., & La Guardia, J. (2012). The role of sincere amends and perceived partner responsiveness in forgiveness. Personal Relationships, 19(4), 696-711. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6811.2011.01386.x

Phelan, J. P. (2012). Forgiveness. Mindfulness, 3(3), 254-257. doi:10.1007/s12671-012-0129-y

Peets, K., Hodges, E. V.E.,& Salmivalli, C. (2012). Forgiveness and its determinants depending on the interpersonal context of hurt. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Advance online publication. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2012.05.009

Riek, B. M., & Mania, E. W. (2012). The antecedents and consequences of interpersonal forgiveness: A meta‐analytic review. Personal Relationships, 19(2), 304-325. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6811.2011.01363.x

Rye, M. S., Fleri, A. M., Moore, C. D., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Wade, N. G., Sandage, S. J., & Cook, K. M. (2012). Evaluation of an intervention designed to help divorced parents forgive their ex-spouse. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 53(3), 231-245. doi:10.1080/10502556.2012.663275

Scherer, M., Worthington, E. L., Hook, J. N., Campana, K. L., West, S. L., & Gartner, A. L. (2012). Forgiveness and cohesion in familial perceptions of alcohol misuse. Journal of Counseling & Development, 90(2), 160-168. doi:10.1111/j.1556-6676.2012.00021.x

Shahidi, S., Zaal, B., & Mazaheri, M.A. (2012). Forgiveness in relation to attachment style and consanguine marriage in Iranian married individuals. Psychological Reports, 110(2), 489-500. doi:10.2466/02.21.PR0.110.2.489-500

Squires, E.C., Sztainert, T., Gillen, N.R., Caouette, J., & Wohl, M.J. (2012). The problem with self-forgiveness: forgiving the self deters readiness to change among gamblers. Journal of Gambling Studies, 28, 337-350.  doi:10.1007/s10899-011-9272-y

Stanton, S. C. E., & Finkel, E. J. (2012). Too tired to take offense: When depletion promotes forgiveness. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48(2), 587-590. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2011.11.011

Strelan, P., McKee, I., Calic, D., Cook, L., & Shaw, L. (in press). For whom do we forgive? A functional analysis of forgiveness. Personal Relationships, 20(1), 124-139.

Svalina, S.S., & Webb, J.R. (2012). Forgiveness and health among people in outpatient physical therapy. Disabilities Rehabilitation, 34, 383-392. doi:10.3109/09638288.2011.607216

Tabak, B. A., McCullough, M. E., Luna, L. R., Bono, G., & Berry, J. W. (2012). Conciliatory gestures facilitate forgiveness and feelings of friendship by making transgressors appear more agreeable. Journal of Personality, 80(2), 503-536. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2011.00728.x

Toussaint, L. L., Owen, A. D., & Cheadle, A. (2012). Forgive to live: Forgiveness, health, and longevity. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 35(4), 375-386. doi:10.1007/s10865-011-9362-4

Toussaint, L.L., Marschall, J.C., &Williams, D,R. (2012). Prospective associations between religiousness/spirituality and depression and mediating effects of forgiveness in a nationally representative sample of United States adults. Depression Research and Treatment, 28, 337-350.

Van Tongeren, D. R., Welch, R. D., Davis, D. E., Green, J. D., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2012). Priming virtue: Forgiveness and justice elicit divergent moral judgments among religious individuals. Journal of Positive Psychology, 7 (5), 405-415. doi:10.1080/17439760.2012.707228

Vasiliauskas, S. L., & McMinn, M. R. (2012). The effects of a prayer intervention on the process of forgiveness. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/a0029324

Watson, M. J., Lydecker, J. A., Jobe, R. L., Enright, R. D., Gartner, A., Mazzeo, S. E., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2012). Self-forgiveness in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention, 20(1), 31-41. doi:10.1080/10640266.2012.635561

Webb, J. R., Toussaint, L., & Conway-Williams, E. (2012). Forgiveness and health: Psycho-spiritual integration and the promotion of better healthcare. Journal of health care chaplaincy, 18(1-2), 57-73. doi:10.1080/08854726.2012.667317

Wenzel, M., & Okimoto, T. G. (2012). The varying meaning of forgiveness: Relationship closeness moderates how forgiveness affects feelings of justice. European Journal of Social Psychology, 42(4), 420-431. doi:10.1002/ejsp.1850

Wenzel, M., Woodyatt, L., & Hedrick, K. (2012). No genuine self‐forgiveness without accepting responsibility: Value reaffirmation as a key to maintaining positive self‐regard. European Journal of Social Psychology, 42(5), 617-627. doi:10.1002/ejsp.1873

Westers, N.J., Rehfuss, M., Olson, L., & Biron, D. (2012). The role of forgiveness in adolescents who engage in nonsuicidal self-injury. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disorders, 200(6), 535-541.

Wohl, M. J. A., Hornsey, M. J., & Bennett, S. H. (2012). Why group apologies succeed and fail: Intergroup forgiveness and the role of primary and secondary emotions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(2), 306-322. doi:10.1037/a0024838

Wohl, M. J. A., Matheson, K., Branscombe, N. R., & Anisman, H. (in press). Victim and perpetrator groups’ responses to the Canadian government’s apology for the head tax on Chinese immigrants and the moderating influence of collective guilt. Political Psychology, 34(5), 713-729.

Worthington, E. L., Jr., & Langberg, D. (2012). Religious considerations and self-forgiveness in treating trauma in present and former soldiers. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 40, 274-288.

Worthington, E. L., Jr., Lin, Y., & Ho, M. Y. (2012). Adapting an evidence-based intervention to REACH forgiveness for different religions and spiritualities. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 5, 183-185.

Ysseldyk, R., & Wohl, M. J. A. (2012). I forgive therefore I’m committed: A longitudinal examination of commitment after a romantic relationship transgression. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, 44(4), 257-263. doi:10.1037/a0025463

Zembylas, M., & Bekerman, Z. (2012). Teachers’ views about forgiveness in Israel and Cyprus: Mapping the prospects of forgiveness as an educational goal. Educational Review, 64(1), 99-114. doi:10.1080/00131911.2011.578733

2011 References

Allemand, M., Hill, P. L., Ghaemmaghami, P., & Martin, M. (2011). Forgivingness and subjective well-being in adulthood: The moderating role of future time perspective. Journal of Research in Personality, 46(1), 32-39. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2011.11.004

Andiappan, M. & Treviño, L. K. (2011). Beyond righting the wrong: Supervisor-subordinate reconciliation after an injustice. Human Relations, 64(3), 359-386.  doi:10.1177/0018726710384530

Augoustinos, M., Hastie, B., & Wright, M. (2011). Apologizing for historical injustice: Emotion, truth and identity in political discourse. Discourse & Society, 22(5), 507-531. doi:10.1177/0957926511405573

Balliet, D., Li, N. P.,& Joireman, J. (2011). Relating trait self-control and forgiveness within prosocials and proselfs: Compensatory versus synergistic models. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 1090-1105. doi: 10.1037/a0024967

Baskin, T. W., Rhody, M., Schoolmeesters, S., & Ellingson, C. (2011). Supporting special-needs adoptive couples: Assessing an intervention to enhance forgiveness, increase marital satisfaction, and prevent depression. The Counseling Psychologist, 39(7), 933-955. doi:10.1177/0011000010397554

Bin Ahmad, K. Z. (2011). Alternatives to simply forgiving and forgetting: Comparing techniques in hypnosis, NLP and Time Line TherapyTM in reducing the intensity of memories of stressful events. Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress, 27(3), 241-250. doi:10.1002/smi.1351

Braithwaite, S. R., Selby, E. A.,& Fincham, F. D. (2011). Forgiveness and relationship satisfaction: Mediating mechanisms. Journal of Family Psychology, 25, 551-559.  doi:10.1037/a0024526

Carmody, P., & Gordon, K. (2011). Offender variables: Unique predictors of benevolence, avoidance, and revenge? Personality and Individual Differences, 50(7), 1012-1017.  doi:10.1016/j.paid.2010.12.037

Chan, M. E., & Arvey, R. (2011). The role of forgivingness and anger in unfair events. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(5), 700-705.  doi:10.1016/j.paid.2010.12.021 

Christensen, K. J., Padilla-Walker, L. M., Busby, D. M., Hardy, S. A., & Day, R. D. (2011). Relational and social-cognitive correlates of early adolescents’ forgiveness of parents. Journal of Adolescence, 34(5), 903-913. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2011.01.001

Condon, P., & DeSteno, D. (2011). Compassion for one reduces punishment for another. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47(3), 698-701.  doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2010.11.016 

Davis, J. R., & Gold, G. J. (2011). An examination of emotional empathy, attributions of stability, and the link between perceived remorse and forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(3), 392-397.  doi:10.1016/j.paid.2010.10.031

Davis, D. E., Hook, J. N., Van Tongeren, D. R., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2011). Sanctification of forgiveness. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 4(1), 31-39. doi:10.1037/a0025803

Desmet, P. T. M., De Cremer, D., & van Dijk, E. (2011). Trust recovery following voluntary or forced financial compensations in the trust game: The role of trait forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 51(3), 267-273.   doi:10.1016/j.paid.2010.05.027

Doran, J. M., Kalayjian, A., Toussaint, L., & DeMucci, J. (2011). The relationship between trauma and forgiveness in post-conflict Sierra Leone. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/a0025470

Eaton, J. (2011). The effects of third-party validation and minimization on judgments of the transgressor and the third party. British Journal of Social Psychology, 19, 623-643.

Eaton, J., & Sanders, C. B. (2011). A little help from our friends: Informal third parties and interpersonal conflict. Personal Relationships, 19(4), 623-643. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6811.2011.01381.x

Exline, J. J., Park, C. L., Smyth, J. M., & Carey, M. P. (2011). Anger toward God: Social-cognitive predictors, prevalence, and links with adjustment to bereavement and cancer. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 129-148.  doi:10.1037/a0021716

Exline, J. J., Root, B. L., Yadavalli, S., Martin, A. M., & Fisher, M. L. (2011). Reparative behaviors and self-forgiveness: Effects of a laboratory-based exercise. Self and Identity, 10(1), 101-126.  doi:10.1080/15298861003669565

Freedman, S. (2011). What it means to forgive and why the way we define forgiveness matters. Peace and Conflict, 17, 334-338. doi:10.1080/10781919.2011.587365

Hill, P. L., & Allemand, M. (2011). Gratitude, forgivingness, and well-being in adulthood: Tests of moderation and incremental prediction. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 6(5), 397-407. doi:10.1080/17439760.2011.602099

Hill, E. W., Hasty, C., & Moore, C. J. (2011). Differentiation of self and the process of forgiveness: A clinical perspective for couple and family therapy. ANZJFT Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 32(1), 43-57.  doi:10.1375/anft.32.1.43

Hirsch, J. K., Webb, J. R., & Jeglic, E. L. (2011). Forgiveness, depression, and suicidal behavior among a diverse sample of college students. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67(9), 896-906. doi:10.1002/jclp.20812

Howell, A. J., Dopko, R. L., Turowski, J. B., & Buro, K. (2011). The disposition to apologize. Personality and Individual Differences, 51(4), 509-514. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2011.05.009

Ho, M. Y., & Fung, H. H. (2011). A dynamic process model of forgiveness: A cross-cultural perspective. Review of General Psychology, 15(1), 77-84. doi:10.1037/a0022605

Holeman, V. T., Dean, J. B., DeShea, L., & Duba, J. D. (2011). The multidimensional nature of the quest construct forgiveness, spiritual perception, and differentiation of self. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 39(1), 31-43.

Hui, C. H., Lau, F. L. Y., Tsang, K. L. C., & Pak, S. T. (2011). The impact of post‐apology behavioral consistency on victim’s forgiveness intention: A study of trust violation among coworkers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41(5), 1214-1236. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00754.x

Jacinto, G. A., & Edwards, B. L. (2011). Therapeutic stages of forgiveness and self-forgiveness. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 21(4), 423-437.  doi:10.1080/15433714.2011.531215

Jankowski, P.J., & Sandage, S.J. (2011). Meditative prayer, hope, adult attachment, and forgiveness: A proposed model. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 3, 115-131.   doi:10.1037/a0021601

Johnson, J. L., & Kim, L. M. (2011). The role of impulsivity in forgiveness. Individual Differences Research, 9, 12-21.

Karremans, J. C., Regalia, C., Paleari, F. G., Finham, F. D., Cui, M., Takada, N., Ohbuchi, K., Terzino, K., Cross, S. E. ,& Uskul ,A. K. (2011). Maintaining harmony across the globe: The cross-cultural association between closeness and interpersonal forgiveness. Social Psychology and Personality Science, 2, 443-451.  doi:10.1177/1948550610396957

Klatt, J. S., Enright, R. D. (2011). Initial validation of the unfolding forgiveness process in a natural environment. Counseling and Values, 56, 25-42. doi:10.1002/j.2161-007X.2011.tb01029.x

Kleinot, P. (2011). Transgenerational trauma and forgiveness: Looking at the Israeli-Palestinian families forum through a group analytic lens. Group Analysis, 44, 97-111. doi:10.1177/0533316410390770

Lawler-Row, K. A., Hyatt-Edwards, L., Wuensch, K. L., & Karremans., J. C. (2011). Forgiveness and health: The role of attachment. Personal Relationships, 18(2), 170-183. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6811.2010.01327.x

Leach, M.M., Baker, A., & Zeigler-Hill, V. (2011). The influence of Black racial identity on the forgiveness of Whites. Journal of Black Psychology, 37, 185-209. doi: 10.1177/0095798410380201

Lee, K. H. (2011). The role of spiritual experience, forgiveness, and religious support on the general well-being of older adults. Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging, 23(3), 206-223.  doi:10.1080/15528030.2011.533398

Lee, K., Ashton, M.C. (2011). Getting mad and getting even: Agreeableness and honesty-humility as predictors of revenge intentions. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(5), 596-600. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2011.12.004

Leonard, D. J., Mackie, D. M., & Smith, E. R. (2011). Emotional responses to intergroup apology mediate intergroup forgiveness and retribution. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 1198-1206. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2011.05.002

Lyons, G. C. B., Deane, F. P., Caputi, P., & Kelly, P. J. (2011). Spirituality and the treatment of substance use disorders: An exploration of forgiveness, resentment and purpose in life. Addiction Research & Theory, 19(5), 459-469. doi:10.3109/16066359.2011.555022

Marler, L. E., Cox, S. S., Simmering, M. J., Bennett, R. J., & Fuller, J. B. (2011). Exploring the role of touch and apologies in forgiveness of workplace offenses. Journal of Managerial Issues, 23(2), 144-163.

McFarland, M., Smith, C., Toussaint, L., & Thomas, P. (2011). The relationship between forgiveness of others and health: Do race and neighborhood matter? Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 67B(1), 66-75. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbr121

McNulty, J. K. (2011). The dark side of forgiveness: The tendency to forgive predicts continued psychological and physical aggression in marriage. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(6), 770-783.  doi:10.1177/0146167211407077

McNulty, J. K.,& Fincham, F. D. (2011). Beyond positive psychology?: Toward a contextual view of psychological processes and well-being. American Psychologist. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/a0024572

Meneses, C. W., Greenberg, L. S. (2011). The construction of a model of the process of couples’ forgiveness in emotion-focused therapy for couples. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 37, 491-502. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.2011.00234.x

Merolla, A. J., & Zhang, S. (2011). In the wake of transgressions: Examining forgiveness communication in personal relationships. Personal Relationships, 18(1), 79-95.  doi:10.1111/j.1475-6811.2010.01323.x

Miceli, M., & Castelfranchi, C. (2011). Forgiveness: A cognitive‐motivational anatomy. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 41(3), 260-290. doi:10.1111/j.1468-5914.2011.00465.x

Neng Lin, W., Enright, R., & Klatt, J. (2011). Forgiveness as character education for children and adolescents. Journal of Moral Education, 40(2), 237-253. doi:10.1080/03057240.2011.568106

Paleari, F.G., Regalia, C., & Fincham, F.D. (2011), Inequity in forgiveness: Implications for personal and relational well-being. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 30(3), 297-324 doi:10.1521/jscp.2011.30.3.297

Philpot, C. R., & Hornsey, M. J. (2011). Memory for intergroup apologies and its relationship with forgiveness. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41(1), 96-106.  doi:10.1002/ejsp.741

Rego, A., Ribeiro, N., Cunha, M. P., & Jeuino, C. (2011). How happiness mediates the organizational virtuousness and affective commitment relationship. Journal of Business Research, 64, 524-532.  doi:10.1080/10502556.2011.546233  

Rohde-Brown, J., & Rudestam, K. E. (2011). The role of forgiveness in divorce adjustment and the impact of affect. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 52, 109-124.  doi:10.1080/10502556.2011.546233

Root, B. L., & Exline, J. J. (2011). Gender differences in response to experimental forgiveness prompts: Do men show stronger responses than women? Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 33(2), 182-193.  doi:10.1080/01973533.2011.568850

Sandage, S.J., & Crabtree, S. (2011). Spiritual pathology and religious coping as predictors of forgiveness. Mental Health, Religion, and Culturedoi: 10.1080/13674676.2011.613806

Sandage, S. J., & Harden, M. (2011). Relational spirituality, differentiation of self, and virtue as predictors of intercultural development: A study with graduate trainees. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, 14(8), 819-838.

Sandage, S.J., & Williamson, I.T. (2011). Forgiveness and relational spirituality: A structural equations model. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 38(4), 255.

Scherer, M., Worthington, J., Everett, L., Hook, J. N., & Campana, K. L. (2011). Forgiveness and the bottle: Promoting self-forgiveness in individuals who abuse alcohol. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 30, 382-395. doi: 10.1080/10550887.2011.609804

Scherer, M., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Hook, J. N., Campana, K. L., West, S. L., & Gartner, A. L. (2011).  Forgiveness and cohesion in family perceptions of alcohol misuse.  Journal of Counseling and Development, 90(2), 160-168

Stanton, S. C. E., Finkel, E. J. (2011). Too tired to take offense: When depletion promotes forgiveness. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48(2), 587-590. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2011.11.011

Steiner, M., Allemand, M., & McCullough, M. E. (2011). Age differences in forgivingness: The role of transgression frequency and intensity. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 670-678. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2011.09.004

Stijnen, M. M. N., & Dijker, A. J. M. (2011). Reciprocity and need in posthumous organ donation: The mediating role of moral emotions. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2(4), 387-394. doi:10.1177/1948550610393749

Strelan, P., Feather, N. T., & McKee, I. (2011). Retributive and inclusive justice goals and forgiveness: The influence of motivational values. Social Justice Research, 24(2), 126-142. doi:10.1007/s11211-011-0132-9

Strelan, P., & Sutton, R. M. (2011). When just-world beliefs promote and when they inhibit forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(2), 163-168. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2010.09.019

Tabak, B. A., & McCullough, M. E. (2011). Perceived transgressor agreeableness decreases cortisol response and increases forgiveness following recent interpersonal transgressions. Biological Psychology, 87 (3), 386-392. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.05.001

Tabak, B. A., McCullough, M. E., Szeto, A., Mendez, A. J., & McCabe, P. M. (2011). Oxytocin indexes relational distress following interpersonal harms in women. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 36(1), 115-122.  doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2010.07.004

Taylor, M., Bates, G., & Webster, J. D. (2011). Comparing the psychometric properties of two measures of wisdom: Predicting forgiveness and psychological well-being with the Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (SAWS) and the Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale (3D-WS). Experimental Aging Research, 37(2), 129-141.  doi:10.1080/0361073X.2011.554508

Thornton, B. (2011). Try forgiveness. The Family Journal, 19(3), 245.  doi:10.1177/1066480711409173

Toussaint, L. L., Owen, A. D., & Cheadle, A. (2011). Forgive to live: Forgiveness, health and longevity. Journal of Behavioral Medicinedoi:10.1007/s10865-011-9362-4

Watkins, D. A. , Hui, E. K. P. , Luo, W., Regmi, M., Worthington Jr., E. L. , Jr., Hook, J. N., Davis, D. E. (2011). Forgiveness and interpersonal relationships: A Nepalese investigation. Journal of Social Psychology, 151(2), 150-161. doi: 10.1080/00224540903368541

Watson, M., Lydecker, J., Jobe, R., Mazzeo, S. E., Gartner, A. L., Enright, R. D., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2011). Self-forgiveness in anorexia and bulimia nervosa.  Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 20(1), 31-41.  doi:10.1080/10640266.2012.635561

Webb, J. R., Hirsch, J. K., & Toussaint, L. (2011). Forgiveness and alcohol problems: A review of the literature and a call for intervention-based research. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly. 29, 245-273. doi:10.1080/07347324.2011.585922

Webb, J. R., Robinson, E. A. R., & Brower, K. J. (2011). Mental health,not social support, mediates the forgiveness-alcohol outcome relationship. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 25, 462-473.  doi:10.1037/a0022502

Wickens, C. M., Wiesenthal, D. L., Flora, D. B., & Flett, G. L. (2011). Understanding driver anger and aggression: Attributional theory in the driving environment. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 17(4), 354-370.  doi:10.1037/a0025815

Witvliet, C.V.O., DeYoung, N.J., Hofelich, A.J., and DeYoung, P.A. (2011). Compassionate reappraisal and emotion suppression as alternatives to offense-focused rumination: Implications for forgiveness and psychophysiological well-being. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 6, 286-299doi:10.1080/17439760.2011.577091

Witvliet, C.V.O., Hinman, N.G., Exline, J.J., & Brandt, T. (2011).  Responding to our own transgressions: An experimental writing study of repentance, offense rumination, self-justification, and distraction. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 30, 223-238.

Wohl, M. J. A., Hornsey, M. J., & Philpot, C. R. (2011). A critical review of official public apologies:  Aims, pitfalls, and a staircase model of effectiveness. Social Issues and Policy Review, 5, 70-100. doi:10.1111/j.1751-2409.2011.01026.x

Wohl, M. J. A., & Thompson, A. (2011). A dark side to self-forgiveness: Forgiving the self and its association with chronic unhealthy behavior. British Journal of Social Psychology, 50, 354-364. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8309.2010.02010.x

Young, L., Scholz, J., & Saxe, R. (2011). Neural evidence for “intuitive prosecution”: The use of mental state information for negative moral verdicts. Social Neuroscience, 6(3), 302-315. doi:10.1080/17470919.2010.529712

Ysseldyk, R., & Wohl, M. J. A. (2011). I forgive therefore I’m committed: A longitudinal examination of commitment after a romantic relationship transgression. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/a0025463

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Struthers, C. W., Eaton, J., Mendoza, R., & Santelli, A. G. (2010). Interrelationship among injured parties’ attributions of responsibility, appraisal of appropriateness to forgive the transgressor, forgiveness, and repentance. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40, 970-1002.  doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2010.00607.x

Toussaint, L. L., Overvold-Ronningen, M., Vincent, A., Luedtke, C., Whipple, M., Schriever, T., & Luskin, F. (2010). Implications of forgiveness enhancement in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. Journal of Healthcare Chaplaincy, 16, 123-139.

Tripathi, A., & Mullet, E. (2010). Conceptualizations of forgiveness and forgivingness among Hindus. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 20(4), 255-266.  doi:10.1080/10508619.2010.507694

Wade, N. G. (2010). Introduction to the special issue on forgiveness in therapy. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 32(1), 1-4.

Webb, J. R., & Brewer, K. (2010). Forgiveness, health, and problematic drinking among college students in southern Appalachia. Journal of Health Psychology, 15(8), 1257-1266.  doi:10.1177/1359105310365177

Webb, J. R., & Brewer, K. (2010). Forgiveness and college student drinking in southern Appalachia. Journal of Substance Use, 15(6), 417-433.  doi:10.3109/14659891003706373 

Webb, J. R., & Trautman, R. P. (2010). Forgiveness and alcohol use: Applying a specific spiritual principle to substance abuse problems. Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment, 9, 8-17.  doi:10.1097/ADT.0b013e318195000d 

Webb, J. R., Toussaint, L., Kalpakjian, C. Z., & Tate, D. G. (2010). Forgiveness and health-related outcomes among people with spinal cord injury. Disability and Rehabilitation: An International, Multidisciplinary Journal, 32, 360-366.  doi:10.3109/09638280903166360

Wenzel, M., & Okimoto, T. G. (2010). How acts of forgiveness restore a sense of justice: Addressing status/power and value concerns raised by transgressions.European Journal of Social Psychology, 40(3), 401-417.

Whited, M. C., Wheat, A. L., & Larkin, K. T. (2010). The influence of forgiveness and apology on cardiovascular reactivity and recovery in response to mental stress. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 33, 293-304.  doi:10.1007/s10865-010-9259-7

Wilkowski, B. M., Robinson, M. D., & Troop-Gordon, W. (2010). How does cognitive control reduce anger and aggression? The role of conflict monitoring and forgiveness processes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 830-840.

Witvliet, C.V.O., Knoll, R.W., Hinman, N.G., and DeYoung, P.A. (2010). Compassion-focused reappraisal, benefit-focused reappraisal, and rumination after an interpersonal offense: Emotion regulation implications for subjective emotion, linguistic responses, and physiology. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 226-242.  doi:10.1080/17439761003790997

Wohl, M. J. A., Pychyl, T. A., & Bennett, S. H. (2010). I forgive myself, now study: How self-forgiveness for procrastinating can reduce future procrastination. Personality and Individual Differences 48, 803-808.  doi:10.1016/j.paid.2010.01.029

Worthington, E. L., Jr., Greer, C. L., Hook, J. N., Davis, D. E., Gartner, A. L., Jennings, D. J. II, Greer, T. W., Norton, L., & Toussaint, L. (2010). Relational spirituality and forgiveness in organizational life: Theory, status of research, and new ideas for discovery. Journal of Management, Spirituality, and Religion, 7(2), 119-134.

Worthington, E. L., Jr., Hunter, J. L., Sharp, C. B., Hook, J. N., Van Tongeren, D. R., Davis, D. E., Miller, A. J., Gingrich, F. C., Sandage, S. J., Lao, E., Bubod, L., & Monforte-Milton, M. M. (2010). A psychoeducational intervention to promote forgiveness in Christians in the Philippines. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 32, 75-93.

Worthington, E. L., Jr., Jennings, D. J., II, & DiBlasio, F. A. (2010). Interventions to promote forgiveness in couple and family context: Conceptualization, review, and analysis.  Journal of Psychology and Theology, 38(4), 231-245.

Worthington, E. L., Jr., & Sotoohi, G. (2010). Physiological assessment of forgiveness, grudges, and revenge: Theories, research methods, and implications. International Journal of Psychology Research, 5(3/4), 291-316.

2009 References

Auerbach, Y. (2009). The reconciliation pyramid—A narrative-based framework for analyzing identity conflicts. Political Psychology, 30, 291-318.  doi:10.1111/j.1467-9221.2008.00692.x

Balkin, R. S., Freeman, S. J., & Lyman, S. R. (2009). Forgiveness, reconciliation, and mechila: Integrating the Jewish concept of forgiveness into clinical practice. Counseling and Values53, 153-159. doi:10.1002/j.2161-007X.2009.tb00121.x

Ballester, S., Sastre, M. T. M., & Mullet, E. (2009). Forgivingness and lay conceptualizations of forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 605-609doi:10.1016/j.paid.2009.05.016 

Barnes, C. D., Brown, R. P., & Osterman, L. L. (2009). Protection, payback, or both? Emotional and motivational mechanisms underlying avoidance among victims of transgressions. Motivation and Emotion, 33, 400-411.

Brown, R. P., Osterman, L. L., & Barnes, C. D. (2009). School violence and the culture of honor. Psychological Science, 20, 1400-1405.  doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02456.x

Buechler, S. (2009). The analyst’s search for atonement. Psychoanalytic Inquiry29, 426-436.  doi:10.1080/07351690903032132

Burnette, J. L., Davis, D. E., Green, J. D., Worthington, E. L., Jr., & Bradfield, E. (2009). Insecure attachment and depressive symptoms: The mediating role of rumination, empathy, and forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences46, 276-280.  doi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.10.016

David, R., & Choi, S. Y. P. (2009). Getting even or getting equal? Retributive desires and transitional justice. Political Psychology30, 161-192. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9221.2008.00687.x

Davis, D. E., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Hook, J. N., Van Tongeren, D. R., Green, J. D., & Jennings, D. J., II. (2009). Relational spirituality and the development of the Similarity of the Offender’s Spirituality Scale. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 1, 249-262. doi:10.1037/a0017581

Eaton, J., & Theuer, A. (2009). Apology and remorse in the last statements of death row prisoners. Justice Quarterly, 26, 327-347.

Egan, L. A., & Todorov, N. M.(2009). Forgiveness as a coping strategy to allow school students to deal with the effects of being bullied: Theoretical and empirical discussion. Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology28, 198-222.  doi:10.1521/jscp.2009.28.2.198

Eckstein, D., Sperber, M., & McRae, S. (2009). Forgiveness: Another relationship ‘f word’—A couple’s dialogue. The Family Journal17, 256-262.  doi: 10.1177/1066480709338673

Greene, R. R., & Graham, S. A. (2009). Role of resilience among Nazi holocaust survivors: A strength-based paradigm for understanding survivorship. Family & Community Health32, 75-82.

Gregoire, Y., Tripp T.M. & Legoux, R. (2009). When customers love turns into hate. The effects of relationship strength and time on customer revenge and avoidance.  Journal of Marketing, 73, 18-32.

Gordon, K. C., Hughes, F. M., Tomcik, N. D., Dixon, L. J., & Litzinger, S. C. (2009). Widening spheres of impact: The role of forgiveness in marital and family functioning. Journal of Family Psychology23, 1-13.  doi:10.1037/a0014354

Hernandez, D., Larkin, K., & Whited, M. (2009). Cardiovascular response to interpersonal provocation and mental arithmetic among high and low hostile young adult males. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback34, 27-35. doi: 10.1007/s10484-009-9076-3

Hook, J.N., Worthington, E. L., Jr., & Utsey, S. O. (2009). Collectivism, forgiveness, and social harmony. The Counseling Psychologist37, 821-847. doi:10.1177/0011000008326546

Hui, E. K. P., & Chau, T. S. (2009). The impact of a forgiveness intervention with Hong Kong Chinese children hurt in interpersonal relationships. British Journal of Guidance & Counseling37, 141-156.  doi:10.1080/03069880902728572 

Hunter, L. A., & Yarbouse, M. A. (2009). Considerations and recommendations for use of religiously based interventions in a licensed setting. Journal of Psychology and Christianity28, 159-166.

Johnstone, B., & Yoon, D. P. (2009). Relationships between the Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality and health outcomes for a heterogeneous rehabilitation population. Rehabilitation Psychology, 54, 422-431.  doi:10.1037/a0017758

Johnstone, B., Yoon, D. P., Rupright, J., & Reid-Arndt, S. (2009). Relationships among spiritual beliefs, religious practices, congregational support and health for individuals with traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, 23, 411-419.

Kato, T., & Taniguchi, H. (2009). Development of the Forgiveness of Others Scale. Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology57, 158-167.  doi:10.5926/jjep.57.158 

Kira, I. A., Lewandowski, L. A., Templin, T. N., Ramswamy, V., Ozkan, B., & Mohanesh, J. (2009). The effects of post-retribution intergroup forgiveness: The case of Iraqi refugees. Peace and Conflict, 15, 385-413.

Kiefer, R. P., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Myers, B., Kliewer, W. L., Berry, J. W., Davis, D. E., Miller, A. J., Van Tongeren, D. R., Hunter, J. L., & Kilgour, J., Jr. (2009). Training parents in forgiveness and reconciliation. American Journal of Family Therapy, in press.

Klatt, J., & Enright, R. (2009). Investigating the place of forgiveness within the positive youth development paradigm. Journal of Moral Education38, 35-52.  doi: 10.1080/03057240802601532

Kluwer, E. S., & Karremans, J. C. (2009). Unforgiving motivations following infidelity: Should we make peace with our past? Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 28, 1298-1325.  doi:10.1521/jscp.2009.28.10.1298

Kumar, V. K., & Ryan, R. B.(2009). On measuring forgiveness: Implications from smallest space analysis of the Forgiveness Likelihood Scale. Current Psychology28, 32-44.  doi:10.1007/s12144-009-9045-2

LaFarge, L. (2009). The workings of forgiveness: Charles Dickens and David Copperfield. Psychoanalytic Inquiry29, 362-373.  doi:10.1080/07351690903032082

Lansky, M. R. (2009). Forgiveness as the working through of splitting. Psychoanalytic Inquiry29, 374-385. doi:10.1080/07351690903032090

Pearson, G. S. (2009). When to forgive. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care45, 159-160. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6163.2009.00217.x

Miller, A. J., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2009). Sex, forgiveness, and mental health in recently married couples. Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 12-23. doi:1080/17439760903271140

Miller, A. J., Worthington, E.L., Jr., & McDaniel, M. (2009). Forgiveness and gender: A meta-analysis, review, and research agenda. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 27, 843-876.

Myers, E., Hewstone, M., & Cairns, E. (2009). Impact of conflict on mental health in Northern Ireland: The mediating role of intergroup forgiveness and collective guilt. Political Psychology30, 269-290.  doi:10.1111/j.1467-9221.2008.00691.x

Olivett, M., & Powers, R. (2009). Experiences of forgiveness among nonclergy clients receiving residential psychiatric treatment. Counseling and Values, 53, 126-139.  doi:10.1002/j.2161-007X.2009.tb00119.x

Olmstead, S. B., Blick, R. W., & Mills, L. I. (2009). Helping couples work toward the forgiveness of marital infidelity: Therapists’ perspectives. American Journal of Family Therapy37, 48-66.  doi:10.1080/01926180801960575

Paleari, F., Regalia, C., & Fincham, F. D. (2009). Measuring offence-specific forgiveness in marriage: The Marital Offence-Specific Forgiveness Scale (MOFS). Psychological Assessment21, 194-209.  doi:10.1037/a0016068

Rosen, I. (2009). The atonement-forgiveness dyad: Identification with the aggressed. Psychoanalytic Inquiry29, 411-425.  doi:10.1080/07351690903032124 

Santelli, A. G., Struthers, C. W., & Eaton, J. (2009). Fit to forgive: Exploring the interaction between regulatory focus, repentance, and forgiveness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology96, 381-394. doi:10.1037/a0012882

Stouten, J, & Tripp, T.M. (2009).  Forgiving defection in social dilemmas:  Should leaders ask for forgiveness?”  Leadership Quarterly, 20, 287-298. (PDF)

Strelan, P., Acton, C., & Patrick, K. (2009). Disappointment with God and well-being: The mediating influence of relationship quality and dispositional forgiveness. Counseling and Values, 53, 202-213. doi:10.1002/j.2161-007X.2009.tb00126.x

Strelan, P., & Wojtysiak, N. (2009). Strategies for coping with interpersonal hurt: Preliminary evidence for the relationship between coping and forgiveness. Counseling and Values53, 97-111. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-007X.2009.tb00117.x

Struthers, C. W., Eaton, J., Shirvani, N., Georghiou, M., & Edell, E. (in press). Facilitating repentance in coworkers who commit transgressions: The transgressor’s reason and forgiveness matter. Basic and Applied Social Psychology.

Toussaint, L. & Friedman, P. (2009). Forgiveness, gratitude, and well-being:  The mediating role of affect and beliefs. Journal of Happiness Studies, 10, 635-654. doi: 10.1007/s10902-008-9111-8

Tse, W. S., & Yip, T. H. J. (2009). Relationship among dispositional forgiveness of others, interpersonal adjustment and psychological well-being: Implication for interpersonal theory of depression. Personality and Individual Differences46, 365-368. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.11.001

Wade, N. G., & Meyer, J. E. (2009). Comparison of brief group interventions to promote forgiveness: A pilot outcome study. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 59, 199-220. doi:10.1521/ijgp.2009.59.2.199

Wade, N.G., Worthington, E.L., Jr., & Haake, S. (2009). Comparison of explicit forgiveness interventions with an alternative treatment: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of Counseling and Development, 87, 143-151.  doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2009.tb00561.x

Wohl, M. J. A., & Branscombe, N. R. (2009). Group threat, collective angst and ingroup forgiveness for the war in Iraq. Political Psychology, 30, 193-217. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9221.2008.00688.x

Worthington, E. L., Jr., & Sotoohi, G. (2009). Physiological assessment of forgiveness, grudges, and revenge: Theories, research methods, and implications. International Journal of Psychology Research, in press.

Wurmser, L. (2009). The superego as herald of resentment. Psychoanalytic Inquiry29, 386-410.  doi:10.1080/07351690903032108 

Xie, Y., & Peng, S. (2009). How to repair customer trust after negative publicity: The roles of competence, integrity, benevolence, and forgiveness. Psychology & Marketing26, 572-589. doi:10.1002/mar.20289

Yaben, S. Y. (2009). Forgiveness, attachment, and divorce. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage50, 282-294.  doi: 10.1080/10502550902775952

Young, L., & Saxe, R. (2009). Innocent intentions: A correlation between forgiveness for accidental harm and neural activity. Neuropsychologia, 47, 2065-2072.  doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.03.020

Ysseldyk, R., Matheson, K., & Anisman, H. (2009). Forgiveness and the appraisal-coping process in response to relationship conflicts: Implications for depressive symptoms. The International Journal on the Biology of Stress, 12, 152-166. doi:10.1080/10253890802228178

2008 References

Allemand, M. (2008). Age differences in forgivingness: The role of future time perspective. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1137-1147. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2008.02.009

Allemand, M., Job, V., Christen, S., & Keller, M. (2008). Forgivingness and action orientation. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 762-766.  doi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.08.002 

Armour, M. P., Windsor, L. C., Aguilar, J., & Taub, C. (2008). A pilot study of faith-based restorative justice intervention for Christian and non-Christian offenders. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 27, 159-167.

Bassett, R. L, Edgerton, M., Johnson, J., Lill, C., Russo, G., Ardella, L., et al. (2008). Seeking forgiveness: The view from an experimental paradigm. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 27, 140-149.

Bono, G., McCullough, M. E., & Root, L. M. (2008). Forgiveness, feeling connected to others and well-being: Two longitudinal studies. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 182-195. doi:10.1177/0146167207310025

Brown, R. P., Wohl, M. J. A., & Exline, J. J. (2008). Taking up offenses: Second-hand forgiveness and identification with targets of transgressions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1406-1419.

Cehajic, S., Brown, R., & Castano, E. (2008). Forgive and forget? Antecedents and consequences of intergroup forgiveness in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Political Psychology, 29, 351-367. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9221.2008.00634.x

Chiaramello, S., Sastre, M. T. M., & Mullet, E. (2008). Seeking forgiveness: Factor structure, and relationships with personality and forgivingness. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 383-388.  doi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.05.009

Cosgrove, L., & Konstam, V. (2008). Forgiveness and forgetting: Clinical implications for mental health counselors. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 30, 1-13.

Davis, D. E., Hook, J. N., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2008). Relational spirituality and forgiveness: The roles of attachment to God, religious coping, and viewing the transgression as a desecration. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 27, 293-301.

Day, A., Gerace, A., Wilson, C., & Howells, K. (2008). Promoting forgiveness in violent offenders: A more positive approach to offender rehabilitation? Aggression and Violent Behavior, 13, 195-200.  doi:/10.1016/j.avb.2008.03.004

Day, A. Howells, K., Mohr, P., Schall, & Gerace, A. (2008). The development of CBT programs for anger: The role of interventions to promote perspective-taking skills. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 299-312.

DiBlasio, F. A., & Benda, B. B. (2008). Forgiveness intervention with married couples: Two empirical analyses. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 27, 150-158.

Exline, J. J. (2008). Beliefs about God and forgiveness in a Baptist Church sample. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 27, 131-139.

Exline, J. J., Baumeister, R. F., Zell, A. L., Kraft, A. J., & Witvliet, C. V. O. (2008). Not so innocent: Does seeing one’s own capability for wrongdoing predict forgiveness?. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 495-515.

Fife, S., Weeks, G., & Gambescia, N. (2008). Treating infidelity: An integrative approach. The Family Journal, 16, 316-323. doi:10.1177/1066480708323205

Finkel, E. J. (2008). Vengefully ever after. The Psychologist, 21, 104-107.

Gordon, K. C., Baucom, D. H., & Snyder, D. K. (2008). Optimal strategies in couple therapy: Treating couples dealing with the trauma of infidelity. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 38, 151-160. doi:10.1007/s10879-008-9085-1

Green, J. D., Burnette J. L., & Davis, J. L. (2008). Third-party forgiveness: (Not) forgiving your close other’s betrayal. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 407-418.   

Greenberg, L. J., Warwar, S. H., & Malcolm, W. M. (2008). Differential effects of emotion-focused therapy and psychoeducation in facilitating forgiveness and letting go of emotional injuries. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 55, 185-196. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.55.2.185

Hall, J. H., & Fincham, F., D. (2008). The temporal course of self-forgiveness. Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, 27, 174-202.  doi:10.1521/jscp.2008.27.2.174

Hamama-Raz, Y., Solomon, Z., Cohen, A., & Laufer, A. (2008). PTSD symptoms, forgiveness, and revenge among Israeli Palestinian and Jewish adolescents. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 21, 521-529. doi:10.1002/jts.20376

Kampf, Z. (2008). The pragmatics of forgiveness: Judgments of apologies in the Israeli political arena. Discourse & Society, 19, 577-598.  doi:10.1177/0957926508092244

Karremans, J. C., & Van Lange, P. A. M. (2008). The role of forgiveness in shifting from ‘me’ to ‘we’. Self and Identity, 7, 75-88. doi:10.1080/15298860601182435

Karremans, J. C., & Van Lange, P. A. M. (2008). Forgiveness in personal relationships: Its malleability and powerful consequences. European Review of Social Psychology, 19, 202 – 241. doi:10.1080/10463280802402609

Koutsos, P., Wertheim, E., & Kornblum, J. (2008). Paths to interpersonal forgiveness: The roles of personality, disposition to forgive and contextual factors in predicting forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 337-348. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2007.08.011

Knutson, J., Enright, R., & Garbers, B. (2008). Validating the developmental pathway of forgiveness. Journal of Counseling & Development, 86, 193-199. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2008.tb00497.x

Lawler-Row, K. A., Karremans, J. C., Scott, C., Edlis-Matityahou, M., & Edwards, L. (2008). Forgiveness, physiological reactivity and health: The role of anger. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 68, 51-58. doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2008.01.001

Lucken, K., & Ponte, L. M. (2008). A just measure of forgiveness: Reforming occupational licensing regulations for ex-offenders using BFOQ analysis. Law & Policy, 30, 46-72.

Lundahl, B. W., Taylor, M. J., Stevenson, R., & Roberts, K. D. (2008). Process-based forgiveness interventions: A meta-analytic review. Research on Social Work Practice, 18, 465-478.  doi:10.1177/1049731507313979

Maio, G. R., Thomas, G., Fincham, F. D., & Carnelley, K. B. (2008). Unraveling the role of forgiveness in family relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 307-319doi:10.1037/0022-3514.94.2.307

Maltby, J., Wood, A. M., Day, L., Kon, T. W. H., Colley, A., & Linley, P. A. (2008). Personality predictors of levels of forgiveness two and a half years after the transgression. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1088-1094. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2007.12.008

McMinn, M. R., Fervida, H., Louwerse, K. A., Pop, J. L., Thompson, R. D., Trihub, B. L., et al. (2008). Forgiveness and prayer. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 27, 101-109.

McNulty, J. K. (2008). Forgiveness in marriage: Putting the benefits into context. Journal of Family Psychology, 22, 171-175. doi:10.1037/0893-3200.22.1.171

Miller, A.J., Worthington, E.L., Jr., & McDaniel, M.A. (2008). Forgiveness and gender: A meta-analytic review and research agenda. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 27, 843-876.

Moore, M., & Dahlen, E.  R. (2008). Forgiveness and consideration of future consequences in aggressive driving. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 40, 1661-1666. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2008.05.007

Noor, M., Brown, R. J., & Prentice, G. (2008). Precursors and mediators of intergroup reconciliation in Northern Ireland: A new model. British Journal of Social Psychology, 47, 481-495. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2008.05.007

Oman, D., Shapiro, S. L., Thoresen, C. E., Plante, T. G.,  & Flinders, T. (2008). Meditation lowers stress and supports forgiveness among college students: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of American College Health, 56, 569-578. doi:10.3200/JACH.56.5.569-578

Orathinkal, J., Vansteenwegen, A., & Burggraeve, R. (2008). Forgiveness: A perception and motivation study among married adults. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49, 155-160. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9450.2007.00605.x

Orathinkal, J., Vansteenwegen, A., Burggraeve, R. (2008) Are demographics important for forgiveness? The Family Journal, 16, 20-27. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9450.2007.00605.x

Orth, U., Berking, M., Walker, N., Meier, L. L., & Znoj, H. (2008).Forgiveness and psychological adjustment following interpersonal transgressions: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 365-385.  doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2007.07.003

Paz, R., Neto, F., & Mullet, E. (2008). Forgiveness: A China-Western Europe comparison. Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 142, 147-157.  doi:10.3200/JRLP.142.2.147-158

Philpot, C. R., & Hornsey, M. J. (2008). What happens when groups say sorry: The effect of intergroup apologies on their recipients. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 474-487. doi:10.1177/0146167207311283

Pratt, M. W., Norris, J. E., Cressman, K., Lawford, H., & Hebblethwaite, S. (2008). Parents’ stories of grandparenting concerns in the three-generational family: Generativity, optimism, and forgiveness. Journal of Personality, 76, 581-604. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2008.00497.x

Rizkalla, L., Wertheim, E. H., & Hodgson, L. K. (2008). The roles of emotion management and perspective taking in individuals’ conflict management styles and disposition to forgive. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1594-1601. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2008.07.014

Shepherd, S., & Belicki, K. (2008). Trait forgiveness and traitedness within the HEXACO model of personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 389-394. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.05.011

Snyder, D. K., Baucom, D. H., & Gordon, K. C. (2008). An integrative approach to treating infidelity. The Family Journal, 16, 300-307. doi:10.1177/1066480708323200

Stein, D. J., Seedat, S., Kaminer, D., Moomal, H., Herman, A., Sonnega, J., et al. (2008). The impact of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission on psychological distress and forgiveness in South Africa. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 43, 462-468. doi:10.1007/s00127-008-0350-0

Stratton, S. P., Dean, J. B., Nooneman, A. J., Bode, R. A., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2008). Forgiveness interventions as spiritual development strategies: Workshop training, expressive writing about forgiveness, and retested controls. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 27, 347-357.

Strelan, P., Feather, N.T., & McKee, I. (2008). Justice and forgiveness: Experimental evidence for compatibility. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1538-1544. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2008.07.014

Struthers, C. W., Eaton, J., Santelli, A. G., Uchiyama, M., & Shirvani, N. (2008). The effects of attributions of intent and apology on forgiveness: When saying sorry may not help the story. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 983-992.

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